Idioms and Phrases Quiz with Answers PDF Download

Idioms and Phrases Quiz

Idioms and Phrases Quiz: Take english Quiz on Idioms and phrases

Idioms and Phrases Quiz

In the Idioms and Phrases section, you will find key phrases with an explanation, example sentences, and other ways of saying the same phrase. In competitive exams like banking, SSC, etc. idioms and phrases are asked as one of the major topics asked.

Idioms:

An idiom is a phrase (also referred to as a saying ) or a group of words that has a metaphorical meaning and is used for common usage. An idiom’s symbolic sense is quite different from the literal meaning or definition of the words of which it is made. There are many Idioms and Phrases in the English Language.

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Idioms, in fact, evolve the language; they are the building blocks of a language and civilization. They also have the great intensity to make a language interesting and dynamic. Idioms bring a spectacular illustration to everyday speech. They provide interesting insights into the use of words, languages and the thought processes of their speakers. They have a sense of mystery and fun about them. Idioms are not easy to understand – especially for non-native speakers, because their meanings are usually metaphorical. This characteristic of idioms makes them strange and difficult to understand for English learners.

Phrases

Phrases are a group of words that work together to communicate an element of speech. They are very important because they allow you to communicate better, through both written and spoken language.

The characteristics of phrases in a sentence are as follows:

  • Phrases are groups of words or compound words
  • Phrases do not contain a finite verb (e.g. I, we, you, he, she, they, etc.)
  • Phrases may contain a non-finite verb such as a participle, a gerund or an infinitive
  • Phrases are unable to convey a definite meaning, but they do communicate a disconnected idea
  • Phrases cannot stand alone. In order to be grammatically correct, they should always be part of a larger sentence

Types of Phrases in Common use:

There are 7 types of phrases as given below:

  • Noun phrases: A noun phrase is made up of a noun and its accompanying modifiers (which can include other phrases). Gerund phrases, appositive phrases and infinitive phrases are all types of noun phrases.
  • Verb phrases: A verb phrase can refer to an entire predicate in a sentence or can be limited to a verb or verb group.
  • Adverbial phrases: There are two theories relating to adverbial phrases. Some people argue that an adverbial phrase is a group of adverbs, while others believe that an adverbial phrase is any type of phrase that acts as an adverb.
  • Adjectival phases: There are two theories relating to adjectival phrases. Some people argue that an adjectival phrase is a group of adjectives, while others believe that an adjectival phrase is any type of phrase that acts as an adjective.
  • Participial phrases: Participial phrases are word groups that consist of a present or past participle and any modifiers, objects, and complements.
  • Prepositional phrases: Prepositional phrases begin with a preposition and can function as adjectives, adverbs or nouns.
  • Absolute phrases: Absolute phrases are essentially collapsed sentences. Instead of adding more information about a noun or a verb, they modify an entire sentence.

 Some most common Idioms and Phrases that we come across:

  1. The best of both worlds’ – means you can enjoy two different opportunities at the same time.
  2. ‘Once in a blue moon’ – an event that happens infrequently.
  3. Speak of the devil’ – this means that the person you’re just talking about actually turns up at that moment.
  4. To cost an arm and a leg’– something is very expensive.
  5. ‘A piece of cake’– something is very easy.

How to memorize Idioms and Phrases – Tips and Tricks

  • Understand the meaning and context well
  • Learn news Idioms and Phrases on a daily basis
  • Use Idioms and Phrases in Sentences
  • Make a list of Idioms and Phrases along with its meaning and example in a diary

Idioms – Examples with Meanings

  • A hot potato – A disputed and trending issue E.g. – The Kaveri issue was a hot potato for the authorities in both the states.
  • A bed of roses – Easy E.g. – Achieving your target is not a bed of roses, you need to work smart.
  • A penny for your thoughts – asking someone for their opinions E.g. – ”Hi Linda, you’ve been thinking a lot. A penny for your thoughts”, I said.
  • Apple of an eye – someone very dear and loved E.g. – The little goat was the apple of her eye.
  • Beat around the bush – avoid the main topic E.g. – The criminal beat around the bush, avoiding all accusations.
  • Drop of a hat – Immediately E.g. – He came to her rescue at the drop of a hat.
  • Raining cats & dogs – raining heavily E.g. – It was raining cats and dogs, yesterday.
  • When pigs fly – something impossible E.g. – I will alter my life principles when pigs fly.

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