CLAT Logical Reasoning Preparation Tips 2020

CLAT or the Common Law Aptitude Test is a national level entrance held for the eligible individuals who seek admission in the UG and PG Law courses. The CLAT exam is conducted by NLUs (National Law Universities). Aspirants can check CLAT Logical Reasoning Preparation Tips 2020 on the page. For the UG Course, the syllabus covers General Knowledge & Current affairs, English, Legal Aptitude, Maths, Logical Reasoning. Most students find difficulty in the Reasoning Section. So, this article is a must-read for them.

Latest: As per the CLAT Latest Updates, the exam is scheduled on 22nd August 2020 in online mode. The Consortium of NLUs has released a detailed medical precautions notice for all candidates to follow them on the day os exam.

CLAT Logical Reasoning Preparation Tips 2020

There is absolutely no need to get panicky for the preparation of the Logical Reasoning Section. Logic & Reasoning is something that can be built at any stage of life. All one needs is to have interest and keenness to understand the topics.

  • One of the best ways to improve Logic & Reasoning is to read about it. Read books, blogs, articles about it
  • Solve puzzles and not just one kind but different types and levels of puzzles
  • Students must target to complete all the questions within 25 minutes’ of time and to learn how to manage time, CLAT Mock Tests are a great help
  • Play games that require the use of logic
  • The Logical Reasoning Section carries a total of 40 marks and is segregated into Critical Reasoning & Analytical Reasoning
  • Logical Reasoning is actually a very scoring subject if we compare it with other subjects in the CLAT Exam

The following table will give one an idea about the CLAT Exam Pattern which will be a help in understanding how to prepare for the exam and divide time appropriately:

Subjects Number of Questions Maximum Marks
English including Comprehension 40 Questions 40 Marks
General Knowledge and Current Affairs 50 Questions 50 Marks
Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability) 20 Questions 20 Marks
Legal Aptitude 50 Questions 50 Marks
Logical Reasoning 40 Questions 40 Marks
Total 200 Questions 200 Marks

CLAT Logical Reasoning Important Topics 2020

Out of all the topics among CLAT Syllabus, there are some important topics of Logical Reasoning which are mentioned below.

  • Candidates must focus on these subjects separately
  • Do not miss anything when it comes to these topics
  • Try not to cram anything. Instead of that, understand the concept of the questions
Puzzles Seating Arrangement Verbal Reasoning
Syllogism Calendar Pairing
Directions Para-Jumbles Logical Sequences
Number-Test Coding-Decoding Blood Relation

Solving Previous Year Papers

The students who are preparing for the exam must compulsorily add solving the previous year CLAT Questions Papers to their preparation in order to fuel it:

  • Practicing previous year papers will help form an idea about the kind of questions appear in the paper
  • Not just that, working on previous papers is a great way to learn time-management for any exam
  • Also, it makes one understand the exam’s pattern in a far better way than anything else
  • A lot of times, many questions have been observed from the previous year papers
  • It will give one an actual feel of the exam and it makes it better when the real exam is there
  • Solving previous papers are the best way to enhance knowledge regarding how the question paper appears

CLAT Logical Reasoning Sample Questions

Here are a few important questions from CLAT Logical Reasoning. Along with logical reasoning, enhance your preparation for CLAT Legal Aptitude and be exam ready.

1. In South Asia, the ruling classes ignore the quotidian at their own peril. Just ask them about onions. This autumn the humble bulb has challenged titans.

The trouble began when unseasonably heavy rains followed drought across the onion-growing belt of north and central India. That not only all but destroyed the crop; the wet caused more than a third of onions in storage to rot. The result is a severe shortage of onions across India, as a result of which prices more than tripled.

This hardly threatens famine – something the green revolution abolished decades ago by boosting wheat and rice yields. Yet remove the onion and you struggle to imagine Indian cuisine. It forms the base for curries and biryanis. When a poor Indian has nothing else to eat, at least she has an onion with a chapati or two.

In late September the Indian government slapped a ban on exports of onions. That briefly brought down prices, helping consumers. But it has angered farmers and exporters in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka, for whom onions are an essential cash crop.

In South Asia, a region riven by geopolitical fault lines, there are international implications. Upon hearing of India’s export ban, Bangladesh’s strongwoman, Sheikh Hasina Wajed, admonished the Indian government for giving no warning. Her country counts on Indian onions, whose price at one point had risen fivefold in the markets of Dhaka, Bangladesh’s capital.

[Extracted, with edits and revisions, from “Banyan: Tight bulb moment”, The Economist, Vol. 433, No. 9172, December 7, 2019.]

1.1 Which of the following forms the premise for the author’s argument that a shortage of onions would not cause a famine in India today?

  1. India can ban exports of onions, thereby ensuring adequate supply.
  2. India can always import onions from its neighbouring countries.
  3. Onions are only used for flavour in Indian cuisine, and are not the main staple.
  4. There is enough wheat and rice for people to eat in India today because of the green revolution.

Answer: 4

Rationale: The correct answer is (4) – there is enough wheat and rice for people to eat in India today because of the green revolution. The author states this towards the beginning of the third paragraph. While each of the other options may be true, the author does not base the conclusion that a shortage of onions would not cause a famine in India today, on any of the statements set out in the other options. Therefore, none of (1), (2), or (3) can be the correct answer.

1.2 Which of the following is most likely to be true had heavy rains not followed drought across the onion-growing regions of India?

  1. Bangladesh would not have needed to import onions from India.
  2. There would not have been a shortage of onions in India.
  3. The onion harvest in storage would not have rotted.
  4. The onion crop would not have been destroyed.

Answer: 3

Rationale: The correct answer is (3) – the onion harvest in storage would not have rotted. We can infer this from the author’s statement that “the wet caused more than a third of onions in storage to rot”. There is nothing in the passage to indicate that Bangladesh would not have needed to import onions from India had the rains not followed the drought, and so, (1) cannot be the correct answer. It was a combination of the heavy rains and the preceding drought that caused a shortage of onions (and not either of these reasons alone), and so, (2) cannot be the correct answer. The onion crop was destroyed by the drought, not the rains, and so, (4) cannot be the correct answer either.

1.3 Which of the following can we infer from the passage above?

  1. Farmers in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka do not mind receiving lower prices from the sale of onions to ensure adequate supply of onions in India.
  2. Farmers in states other than Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka do not cultivate onions.
  3. Farmers in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka have been forced to cultivate onions because of the policies of the Indian government.
  4. Farmers in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka care more about earning money through selling onions than ensuring adequate supply of onions in India.

Answer: 4

Rationale: The correct answer is (4) – farmers in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka care more about earning money through exporting onions than ensuring adequate supply of onions in India. We can infer this because of the author’s statement about how the ban on export of onions brought down prices, but angered farmers in these states, who view onions as an important cash crop. Since option (1) directly contradicts this statement, (1) cannot be the correct answer. There is nothing in the passage to support either (2) or (3), and so, neither of these can be the correct answer.

1.4 Which of the following solutions, if employed by the Bangladesh government, would counter the effect of the ban on onion exports by India on the prices of onions in Dhaka’s markets?

  1. Prohibit onion cultivation in Bangladesh.
  2. Increase imports of onions from other countries.
  3. Close the market on alternate days.
  4. None of the above.

Answer: 2

Rationale: The correct answer is (2) – increase imports of onions from other countries. The price of onions would reduce with an increase in their supply. Option (1) would have the opposite effect, that is, it would result in a reduction of supply, and so, (1) cannot be the correct answer. Option (3) would not affect the supply of, or demand for, onions either, and so, this cannot be the correct answer. Since (2) is likely to counter the effect of the ban, for the reasons discussed, (4) cannot be the correct answer.

1.5 Which of the following most accurately expresses the main point of the passage?

  1. Onions are not an important crop for either India or Bangladesh.
  2. The Bangladeshi government habitually opposes India’s export policies, and the ban on onion exports is the most recent example of such opposition.
  3. Adverse weather has affected the availability of onions in India, leading to cascading effects, including in neighbouring countries.
  4. Onions form a very important part of an India’s diet, and in the absence of anything else, an Indian can always eat onions with chapatis.

Answer: 3

Rationale: The correct answer is (1) – adverse weather has affected the availability of onions in India, leading to cascading effects, including in neighbouring countries. The author discusses the reason for the shortage of onions in India, how the government’s ban on exports affected farmers and exporters in India, as well as the impact upon prices of onions in Bangladesh, and the reaction of the government of Bangladesh to the ban. Since option (3) is the only option that addresses all these points, it is the correct answer. Option (1) contradicts the author’s description of how important onions are to an Indian’s diet, and so, cannot be the correct answer. There is nothing to indicate that the Bangladeshi government habitually opposes India’s export policies – the only instance we have is of their opposition to the ban on export of onions, and so, (2) cannot be the correct answer. While (4) may be true, it only touches upon one of the points the author discusses in the passage, rather than expressing the author’s main point, and so, (4) cannot be the correct answer.

CLAT Logical Reasoning Preparation Tips 2020

Read the following for the best way to prepare for the CLAT Logical Reasoning:

The Basics

  • It is very important that one’s basics must be very clear. Without that, it is difficult to crack the paper
  • Once the first step is done, start solving questions from a lower to a higher level of difficulty level and one will find the power of clearing basics
  • One must start with topics like family/blood relations, coding-decoding, calendar, direction, seating arrangement, etc. Once they are done, begin with the difficult ones
  • The tougher topics must be dealt with afterward or else they can affect the confidence of the candidates

Time Management

  • Set a timer every time you solve a previous year paper or mock test. And, see how much average time you’re spending on one paper. Then, mold your speed accordingly
  • One must not spend more than 25 minutes of their time in solving 40 problems
  • Moreover, in the paper, if a student is not able to crack any specific problem in the first attempt, they shall skip that question and deal with it later if there is time

Mock Tests

  • Once a student has completed the syllabus and gone through all the topics from the reasoning section, they shall begin to attempt the mock tests
  • While one practices mock tests, they will come across new types of problems, which will give them new ideas to deal with a new sort of question and eventually increase the level of reasoning ability
  • Mock Tests are a great way to understand one’s own level, weak points, and best practice material
  • This will also assist the individuals to recognize their strong and weak areas via the analysis of the paper on which they can further study

Books

  • Students must select only good books when it comes to the Reasoning section for understanding the basic concepts of the topics. The books shall provide instructions (elaborated) and useful strategies for the topics. They must also have the solutions to the problems, check Best CLAT Books
  • Candidates shall not study from too many books at one point in time. It can develop confusion in mind and lower one’s productivity
  • Some recommended CLAT Logical Reasoning books are as follows: (a) A modern approach to verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning by R. S. Aggarwal (b) Analytical Reasoning by M. K. Pandey

Short Cuts

  • Even though not all the topics have short cut methods but the ones which have shortcuts must be understood properly
  • Still, we would suggest candidates not to depend on the short cuts, just go through them once
  • If any sections of Logical Reasoning doesn’t have any short cut methods, there are several other effortless and easy techniques available in the books
  • These methods and short cuts will assist the student to solve the tricky problems in the exam without wasting much time

Logic Test

  • Many questions appear from this section, where a series of assumptions, arguments or statements are provided and one has to conclude an answer to the questions regarding them
  • While coming to a conclusion, the individual shall concentrate on what is provided in the statements and not depend on facts or any personal emotion and then answer the questions
  • Do not forget that the problems are based on the reasoning and logic that is already provided in the question. So, there is no requirement for looking anywhere else to seek answers

Practice

  • Practicing regularly will enhance one’s speed and also assist them to save a lot of time in the exam, which can actually be used in other sections
  • Reasoning Subject is not being taught in schools. So, a student has to put in a little extra effort in the beginning to overcome the toughness of this section. Practice with interest, it is actually a fun section if one studies with keenness
  • Once one gets comfortable practicing the sections and related problems daily, the problems will start to consume lesser time than usual

CLAT Logical Reasoning FAQs

Q. What is Logical Reasoning in CLAT Exam?

Ans: Logical Reasoning is one of the important subjects in the CLAT Exam. This section tests the candidate’s logical thinking. With proper practice, it is easy to score more marks.

Q. What are the important topics in CLAT Logical Reasoning?

Ans: Some of the important topics in CLAT Logical Reasoning are:

  • Statement Assumptions/ Conclusions/ Arguments/Actions
  • Syllogisms
  • Logical sequences
  • Number Test
  • Coding-Decoding
  • Verbal Reasoning: FIJ
  • Logical Reasoning: Statement Assumptions/ Conclusions/ Arguments/Actions
  • Blood Relations
  • Directions
  • Ranking
  • Arrangements
  • Calendar, etc.

Q. How many questions are asked in the Logical reasoning of CLAT?

Ans: In CLAT Exam, around 28-32 Logical reasoning questions are asked. Candidates must be well prepared in order to answer them correctly.

Q. Which are the most recommended books for CLAT Logical Reasoning section?

Ans: Students can refer to the below books which are highly recommended by experts and toppers.

  • A modern approach to verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning by R. S. Aggarwal
  • Analytical Reasoning by M. K. Pandey

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