How to get onto a path to become a Lawyer?
The legal profession in India has undergone a strategic and substantial change over the last few decades. Now-a-days the law aspirants not only figure themselves in courts but mark the presence in various corporate houses, law agencies, law firms, litigation, administrative services and many more.
Earlier it was seen that the law has become a family profession. The families had been choosing law as professions for generations. But the scene has changed today, anyone having the traits and passion for this field can opt for the course and could achieve what he has set for.
These days a significant change you can see and admire among the students. These students soon after their higher secondary schooling, start exploring for the career prospects. They are seen more curious and serious towards their career choices. It is an old proverb that an examinee is the best examiner, thereby a student aspiring for any profession knows it accordingly. You only need to have passion, patience and urge, else everything is dependent on your hard work.
We will help you to know this profession in a broader way.
Should you become a lawyer?
Lawyers in India are the representatives of their clients, which may vary from Government agencies to businesses, individuals to NGOs, which are involved in some or the other legal disputes. So as to advise their clients, the lawyers should interpret law along with court rulings so as to find a suitable legal solution. The lawyers deal with a myriad of documents in everyday life, which range from, wills, deeds, contracts and lawsuits.
Every person willing to make a career in law in India should have a specialization in a specific area. The legal system in India allows a lawyer to be a specialist in any of the following divisions and many more:
- Litigation specialist
- Taxes specialist
- Family law specialist
- Corporate law specialist
- Criminal law specialist
- Divorce or marriage law specialist
- Sexual abuse law specialist
The lawyers in India should ideally work for the full time. However, with the progress in career, a person can work in accordance to his/her case demand. The job of a lawyer is stressful, wherein, the certain specializations are extremely demanding.
High profile cases often become public and media frenzy in India. Other times, there are some cases that involve private settlement.
Despite so much of fuss, being a lawyer in India can offer immense wealth and power, apart from a good name in the industry.
Career Requirements to become a lawyer
|Degree Level||10 +2 with minimum 45% marks for a 5 year undergraduate course with age limit not more than 20 years
Bachelor’s degree with minimum 45% marks with no age limit
|Degree Field||Law (with varied specialization chosen by a person)|
|License||Bar exam allows a graduate/post graduate in law to have a license to work anywhere in India.|
|Experience||Usually, a lawyer begins with an associate with law firms, before they start partnership or their own practice.|
|Key Skills||Problem-solving abilities, research abilities and strong communication, apart from logical reasoning and excellent analytical tactics and skills is a must to become a lawyer in India.|
|Salary||Lucrative salary with good perks as one progresses in the carrer.|
Which Law course should I choose?
After having completed your higher secondary/10+2 exams, you can go for the 3-year LLB program or a five-year integrated BA LLB course. It is also possible to join the 3-year LLB programme after graduating from other subjects.
There are a total of 11 NLUs which conduct Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) for Bachelors in Law. Apart from this test, a few colleges/universities conduct their own entrance exams as well. These include Symbiosis Entrance Test (for admission in Symbiosis campus), NLU Delhi Admission Test (for admission in NLU Delhi) and NLU Orissa Admission Test (for admission in NLU Orissa).
There are a few universities that also accept LSAT scores. LSAT is conducted by LSAC (Law School Admission Council). State-level entrance tests are also conducted for helping the candidates seek admission in various colleges.
Here is the list of all law courses and their brief description that will allow you to know more about the programmes:
|Name of the Law Course||Brief Description about the Course||Universities/Colleges/Institutes that offer this course|
|3-year course, LLB||A few universities offer this course and have their own entrance exams for admission. One can go for a 2-year post graduation course, LLM; after this.||Delhi University, New Delhi
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
|Common Law Admission Test (CLAT)||This is the centralized and most prominent test that gives admission in major NLUs in India. The first CLAT entrance was conducted in the year 2008.||All major National Law Universities in India.|
|Integrated undergraduate degrees||These include B.Com. LL.B., B.A. LL.B., BBA. LLB. And B.Sc. LL.B.||Offered in independent law schools with 5-years course duration.|
|Master of Business Law||This is a specialized course.||Offered in independent law schools.|
|Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)||This is a specialized course.||Offered in independent law schools.|
|Integrated MBL-LLM/ MBA-LLM.||This is a 3-year integrated course with dual-degree scheme and specialization in Business Law.||Offered in independent law schools.|
What are the Law exams I need to take?
Here is the list of law exams that you can take to make a career in law.
|Name of the Entrance Exam||Where will you get admission after qualifying this exam?|
|CLAT- Common Law Admission Test||Any of the 14 National Law Universities
|LSAT- Law School Admission Test||Any law school in India|
|Law entrance exam by Faculty of Law, University of Delhi||Get admission in Delhi University’s DU LLB/LLM course|
|SET Symbiosis||Law Institutes under Symbiosis International University|
|ULSAT- UPES Law Studies Aptitude Test conducted by University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES)||Bachelor of Laws (B.A. LLB) and LLB in Corporate Laws, Cyber Laws and Intellectual Property Rights|
From where should I pursue Law?
There are a number of universities and various law colleges/institutes that grant you admission to become a lawyer in India. Here is the complete list of such universities/institutes/colleges:
- The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata (WBNUJS)
- National Law University, Jodhpur (NLUJ)
- ILS Law College, Pune
- Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur (HNLU)
- Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar (GNLU)
- Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow (RMLNLU)
- Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala (RGNUL)
- NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad (NALSAR)
- National Law Institute University, Bhopal (NLIU)
- Chanakya National Law University, Patna (CNLU)
- National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi (NUALS)
- National Law University, Orissa (NLUO)
- Amity Law College
- National University of Study & Research in Law, Ranchi (NUSRL)
- National Law University & Judicial Academy, Assam (NLUJA)
- Faculty of Law, University of Delhi
- National Law University, Delhi
- National Law School of India University, Bangalore (NLSIU)
- Government Law College, Mumbai
- Ambedkar Law University, Chennai
- Symbiosis Society’s Law College, Pune
A suitable college can be chosen from the aforesaid list.
What fees do I have to pay?
Here is the fee structure of prominent universities/colleges:
|Name of the University/College||Annual Fee|
|National Law Universities
(*This is the generic fee. However, it may vary as per the institution you choose*)
|Rs.1,35,000-1,50,000 (For LLM course)*
Rs. 1,00,000- Rs. 1,25,000 (For LLB course)*
|Delhi University||Rs.4,500-5,500 (For DU LLB or LLM Course)|
|Private/Independent Colleges/Institutions||Refer to college’s website for fee details and structure|
How much shall I earn?
The law career is a promising one. One gets a lucrative salary, name and fame out of this career. However, in the words of Prashant Bhushan, “Do not look at Law as a means for making money. Look at law as an instrument for securing justice to people.”
However, every career gives money and it becomes the inspiration for a career. At first, a beginner can earn Rs. 15,000 by joining litigations or corporate law firms. Some of the highly known and reputed advocates are today, also earning, as much as Rs. 5 lac to 1 crore for one session or court appearance.
The salary in this career is dependent upon factors, such as, expertise, case handling ability and reputation.
Where shall I be able to join?
After having completed a course successfully, you can join the law firms or corporate houses. You can also practice as a public prosecutor or individual practitioner.
Some of the renowned law firms and corporate firms are listed below:
- AS Dayal & Associates
- Advani & Co.
- Agarwal Law Associates
- Amarchand & Mangaldas & Sursh A. Shroff & Co.
- Anand & Anand
- Bhasin & Co.
- Bose & Mitra & Co.
- Bharucha & Associates
- Bharuch & Partners
- Bhasin & Co.
- Chitale & Chitale Partners
- De Penning & De Penning
- Dua Associates
- Fox Mandal
- Gandhi & Associates
- HSA Advocates
- India Juris
- Jehangir & Gullabbhai & BIlimoria & Daruwala
- Khaitan & Co.
- Lall & Sethi Advocates
- Little & Co.
- Luthra & Luthra
- Mulla & Mulla & Craigie Blunt & Caroe
- Naik Naik & Co.
Apart from these, there are so many more…
Special Law traits one must possess to be a successful lawyer
Following characteristics or skills will help you go far in this career:
- Quick responsiveness
- Keen listener
- Good orator
- Logical reasoning capability
- Flexible but attentive mind
- Out of the box thinking ability
- Presentable communication skills
Become a lawyer: start with the district court
The fresh graduates can begin with the practice in district court. There isn’t any prescribed limit for which one should be associated with the District Court, but it is ideal to spend at least a year or 15 months to get the basics right. District courts will allow you to get your foundation strong and the facts, fundamentally correct. In the district courts, you can learn addressing the arguments correctly, taking the essential pleas and drawing the cases. This is just the base for pursuing a career in the High Court and Supreme Court.
Second practice in the High Court
Secondly, the students can start practicing in the high court. One can become an Apprentice there. A minimum of 6 months time period should be spent here, so as to learn more. Advocate dealing in criminal and civil cases, apart from the services matters, should be practices here.
Practice as a lawyer in the Supreme Court of India
Once you are ready to move to the Apex Court, you will still work as the apprentice in the Supreme Court of India. In the Supreme Court, one should choose a senior, under which, one can learn about the working of this court. One works as an apprentice until he/she becomes confident enough to handle cases individually.
In order to become a lawyer, one should have strong analytical and logical reasoning skills. Excellent command over language and ability to argument in the cases with conviction is what one requires to win cases.
Take your first step to become a lawyer: CLAT 2016
CLAT 2016 shall be conducted on May 8, 2016. In the total of 17 universities, there are 2252 seats. This means that only 2252 students shall be selected after they stand up to the criterion of CLAT 2016.
After online CLAT 2016 exam, the result shall be declared on May 23, 2016. The rank list will also come on this day. From June 1, 2016- July 6, 2016, the Counselling and Seat Allotment session will begin.
CLAT is the first step for making a place in the law career. Based on AIRs and preference of university, the law aspirant get the colleges and then, begins their journey towards a path to become a lawyer.
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