CLAT Legal Aptitude Preparation Tips 2021

Are you finding any difficulties to plan your preparation or create strategies for the CLAT Legal Aptitude subject? To help you with the exam preparation, we have come up with a curation of preparation ideas from subject expertise.

We have discussed with Sakshi Tomar, a faculty member of LegalEdge which is a pioneer in law exam preparation. She has explained a few points that can help you to ace CLAT 2021 and score highest in legal aptitude.

Also, she has answered all queries that students generally have. Let’s get deep into understanding the preparation strategies for CLAT Legal Aptitude.

How to Prepare for CLAT Legal Aptitude as per New Exam Pattern?

As we all know Consortium came up with a new pattern for CLAT last year. The comprehensive paper pattern is quite confusing for those appearing for the first time, Sakshi quoted.

We have addressed a few questions to Sakshi that students usually ask, here are the answers to them.

Where should I start from?

Sakshi said, “Well in my opinion students need to research. They need to understand the CLAT Syllabus first. The Legal Aptitude section includes questions from topics like Constitution, Law, and Polity.”

What is the scope of Legal Aptitude in CLAT?

When you begin with preparation, understand why Legal Aptitude is a subject in the CLAT Exam. Sakshi quoted “The Legal Aptitude section is included in the CLAT Exam Syllabus to test the student’s Legal Reasoning and not Legal Knowledge”.

The Legal Aptitude section is divided into three sections:

  • The first one is Legal Reasoning wherein students are checked on their legal aptitude skills. You must apply legal principles to the factual situation. Also, the exam tests your knowledge in the study of law, research aptitude, and problem-solving ability is also judged through this section. Important topics in this section include the Indian Penal Code, Law of Torts, Law of Contract.
  • Next is the Legal Facts that is based on knowledge of judgments and amendments. Some of the major topics focussed in this section are Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles, Preamble, Important Amendments, Important Judgments, Recommendations & Chairpersons of law commissions.
  • Last comes the Legal GK which is completely based on general awareness and current affairs. One of the best ways to prepare for Legal GK is to read newspapers regularly.

CLAT Legal Aptitude Preparation Tips

What Should I consider for my preparation?

Sakshi’s answer for this is after you have understood the subject and its importance, gather the important resources you need for preparation. Ensure that you have CLAT Books recommended by Karan Mehta, the director of LegalEdge:

  • Legal Aptitude for CLAT and other Kaw Exams: Workbook by A. P Bhardwaj
  • Our Judiciary (National Book Trust) by National Book Trust
  • Legal Aptitude (CLAT) by R. K Gupta and Samiksha Gupta

You can also refer to our free study material notes prepared by subject expertise. These notes will help in understanding the topics better.

CLAT Legal Aptitude Preparation

What are the CLAT Legal Aptitude Preparation Strategies?

According to Sakshi Tomar, you can follow a few tips listed below for the preparation of Legal Aptitude in CLAT.

  • For solving legal facts, students must require a sound knowledge of judgment and amendments as most of the questions are directly based on law.
  • Improve your language skills.
  • Read legal theory: torts, constitutional law, and criminal laws.
  • Prepare well on legal terminologies and foreign phrases.
  • Make sure to read the subject at least one hour daily.
  • You must begin with the theory first and then move on to practice questions.
  • Every 15 days do your revision to remember whatever you have studied.
  • Follow the order like Principle-Fact-Option-Double check language of correct option with principle and mark for solving questions.


Did you like this Video? You can watch more preparation videos on Legal Reasoning below:

Legal Reasoning 1 Legal Reasoning 2

How to Answer CLAT Legal Aptitude Questions?

  • From this year onwards, facts and principles will not be given separately in the question, make sure to read the passage as well as the Legal Aptitude questions thoroughly to identify the principles.
  • After a thorough reading, you must start relating the facts drawn with the question and analyze if they support/justify the argument fully without any assumptions.
  • Pay attention to all the small details and identify all the principles and their roles in the passage clearly. Beware of the small tweaks given in the statements or questions. Hence, paying attention to detail is key here.

Which type of questions will be asked in the CLAT Legal Aptitude section?

Sakshi has shared a list of expected or sample questions with us which we have included here for your reference

Sample Legal Aptitude Questions for CLAT 2021

The old woman didn’t like the look or sound of the kid. She scowled at her husband. ‘Where did you pick up this kitten from? Why do we need her?’ When the old man told her she was a goat kid, she picked her up and exclaimed in amazement: ‘Yes, she is a goat kid!’ All night, they went over the story of how the kid had come into their hands.

That same night the old lady gave the goat kid that resembled a kitten a nickname: Poonachi. She once had a cat by the same name. In memory of that beloved cat, this goat kid too was named Poonachi. They had acquired her without spending a penny. Now they had to look after her somehow. Her husband had told her a vague story about meeting a demon who looked like Bakasuran and receiving the kid from him as a gift. She wondered if he could have stolen it from a goatherd. Someone might come looking for it tomorrow. Maybe her husband had told her the story only to cover up his crime?

The old woman was not used to lighting lamps at night. The couple ate their evening meal and went to bed when it was still dusk. That night, though, she took a large earthen lamp and filled it with castor oil extracted the year before. There was no cotton for a wick. She tore off a strip from a discarded loincloth of her husband’s and fashioned it into a wick.

She looked at the kid under the lamplight in that shed as though she were seeing her own child after a long time. There was no bald spot or bruise anywhere on her body. The kid was all black. As she stared at the lamp, her wide-open eyes were starkly visible. There was a trace of fatigue on her face. The old woman thought the kid looked haggard because she had not been fed properly. She must be just a couple of days old. A determination that she must somehow raise this kid to adulthood took root in her heart.

She called the old man to come and see the kid. She looked like a black lump glittering in the lamplight in that pitch-black night. He pulled fondly at her flapping ears and said, ‘Aren’t you lucky to come and live here?’

It had been a long time since there was such pleasant chit-chat between the couple. Because of the kid’s sudden entry into their lives, they ended up talking a while about the old days.

  1. What does the word ‘haggard’ as used in the passage mean?
  • Direct and outspoken
  • Looking exhausted and unwell
  • Furry and warm
  • Dark in colour and hard to see
  1. Why did the old woman doubt her husband’s story about how he had got the kid?
  • Because her husband was a habitual thief and regularly stole things from other people
  • Because she did not think Bakasuran was so generous as to gift him a goat kid
  • Because goat kids are only sold in livestock markets
  • Because she thought the story was vague, and that he had actually stolen it from a goatherd
  1. Why was the old woman not used to lighting lamps at night?
  • Because the couple was very poor, and could not afford oil for lamps
  • Because the couple usually ate their evening meal and slept at dusk
  • Because the old couple did not usually exchange pleasant chit-chat
  • Because her daughter used to light the lamps in their household
  1. What can we infer from the passage about why the old couple talked about the old days that night?
  • The old couple was very poor, and we’re so tired after working all day that they did not feel like talking
  • The old couple did not usually like talking with each other and avoided conversation
  • They spoke about the old days because of the kid’s sudden entry in their lives, and the pleasant chit-chat they exchanged about it
  • The old woman was usually very upset with her husband and thought he was a thief
  1. Why did the old woman name the goat kid ‘Poonachi’?
  • Because the kid made small bleating noises that sounded like ‘Poonachi’
  • Because ‘Poonachi’ was the name typically given to goat kids in the area the couple lived in
  • Because the old woman had first thought the kid was a kitten, and so she named it after a beloved cat she had once had
  • Because the kid reminded the old woman of her husband, whose name was also Poonachi

Illustration Question Set

Mahmood Kaskar resided in the city of Mumbai and was long suspected of having committed several offenses, including smuggling. Kaskar came across a police check-post on the road on 15 December 2019, and, afraid that the police would find the contraband that he had hidden in the trunk of his car, he drove through the check-post instead of stopping. In doing so, he smashed his car through the barricades at the check-post, and a piece from the barricades flew a few feet away and injured a policeman manning the check-post. Kaskar was later caught by the police, and charged with the offense of obstructing justice, which the police claimed he did by crashing through the check-post. Kaskar was acquitted of this charge since the police were not able to produce adequate evidence before the court. Some months later, the police, bent on teaching Kaskar a lesson, filed charges of injuring a police officer on duty against Kaskar.

Assuming that the Supreme Court was bound to follow the decision in Kathu Kalu Oghad while deciding Selvi, what decision should the Supreme Court have taken in Selvi as regards the forcible administration of narco-analysis on a person?

CLAT Legal Aptitude Preparation Tips FAQs

Q) How do I improve my legal reasoning skills for the CLAT 2021 exam?

Candidates can follow the simple tips mentioned below to improve their legal reasoning skills.

  • Read the principle very carefully
  • Try to keep your scope of understanding and application of the law limited to the principles provided
  • Instead of choosing the ideal option, lookout for the best suitable answer

Q) What are the important topics that need to be prepared under the Legal Knowledge section?

Candidates need to focus more on topics like the constitution of law, legal maxims, legal terms, constitution, and polity.

Q) How many questions are asked from the legal aptitude section in the CLAT exam?

As per the new exam pattern introduced by CLAT consortium, there will be around 35-39 questions asked from the legal aptitude section in the exam.

Q) How can I improve my speed while solving legal aptitude questions?

  • Do not waste more time on a single question. Move to the next question if you find the question is tricky.
  • Improve your legal vocabulary knowledge
  • Also, you can speak with a CLAT mentor to know how to improve your reading speed.

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