CLAT Legal Aptitude Preparation Tips,Strategy & Tricks

Legal Aptitude is an important subject for candidates preparing for any law exams. In CLAT, Legal Aptitude is an important subject. As the CLAT Exam is scheduled on 7th September 2020, enhance your preparation for Legal Aptitude subject here. Check out the expert CLAT Legal Aptitude Preparation Tips and how to answer any question asked in the exam. Candidates can also download Legal Aptitude Questions for CLAT 2020 PDF and gear up their preparations.

Download CLAT 2020 Admit Card

  • As per the new changes announced by the CNLUs in CLAT Exam Pattern, the total number of questions in the Legal Aptitude section will be between 35 and 39 questions.
  • The important topics to be focused on in this section are, Family law, the law of torts, basic knowledge of the Indian Constitution, etc.
  • If you are worried about how to prepare Legal Aptitude for CLAT then solving CLAT Question Papers is one of the best-suggested preparation methods.

CLAT Legal Aptitude Preparation Tips 2020

CLAT Legal Aptitude preparation tips will help you understand how to ace this topic and score well. The CLAT legal aptitude preparation tips by toppers will help students to have clarity on how to strategically approach this section. Read on to know tips:

  • The questions will be based on a passage working around legal matters, public policies, and moral philosophies.
  • Candidates must approach the Legal Aptitude section a little differently than the previous year. The passages this year will have to be comprehended in order to look for facts and applicable rules.
  • However, attempting previous year question papers will help in developing familiarity with the questions and the way to answer them. Follow CLAT Maths Preparation Tips as well to master all topics under the Quant section.

How to Answer CLAT Legal Aptitude Questions?

If you are wondering how to solve Legal Aptitude Questions for CLAT 2020, then follow the tips and tricks.

  • Since this year onwards, facts and principles will not be given separately in the question, make sure to read the passage as well as the Legal Aptitude questions thoroughly to identify the principles.
  • After a thorough reading, candidates must start relating the facts drawn with the question and analyze if they support/justify the argument fully without any assumptions.
  • Pay attention to all the small details and identify all the principles and their roles in the passage clearly. Beware of the small tweaks given in the statements or questions. Hence, paying attention to detail is key here.
  • Along with Legal Aptitude, English is also an equally important section. So, CLAT English Preparation Tips can help in cracking the English section easily.

Is the CLAT Exam designed to Test your Legal Reasoning or Legal Knowledge?

Well, if you are a CLAT aspirant and worried about preparing for CLAT Legal Aptitude, then first you need to know why is Legal Aptitude a subject. The Legal Aptitude section is included in the CLAT Exam Syllabus to test candidate’s Legal Reasoning and not Legal Knowledge. The Legal Aptitude section is divided into three sections:

  • Legal Reasoning – This section tests candidate’s legal aptitude skills. Candidates must apply legal principles to the factual situation. Also, the exam checks candidate’s knowledge in the study of law, research aptitude, and problem-solving ability is also judged through this section. Important topics in this section include Indian Penal Code, Law of Torts, Law of Contract.
  • Legal Facts – Thsi section is based on knowledge of judgments and amendments. Some of the major topics focussed in this section are Fundamental rights, Directive Principles, Preamble, Important Amendments, Important Judgments, Recommendations & Chairpersons of law commissions.
  • Legal GK – This is completely based on general awareness and current affairs. One of the best way to prepare for Legal GK is to read newspapers regularly.

CLAT Legal Aptitude Preparation Books

The most important tip to prepare for CLAT 2020 is to take help from the preparation books. The following CLAT Books can be helpful to prepare for the Legal aptitude section in CLAT 2020 exam.

Name of the Book Author
Legal Aptitude for CLAT and other Kaw Exams: Workbook A. P Bhardwaj
Our Judiciary (National Book Trust) (National Book Trust)
Legal Aptitude (CLAT) R. K Gupta and Samiksha Gupta

CLAT New Pattern and Syllabus for Legal Aptitude

Out of 5 sections in the CLAT Exam, candidates will have to answer 35 – 39 questions in the Legal Aptitude section.

  • The percentage weightage of the Legal Aptitude section is 25% of the total.
  • The Legal Aptitude section carries 35- 39 marks.
  • Candidates must expect a negative marking of 0.25 marks for every wrong answer.

The legal aptitude section requires candidates to read passages related to facts and situations involving legal matters, public policy questions, etc. of 450 words each. Candidates can fare well in this section if they have a general idea of contemporary legal and moral issues and applicability of general principles and propositions to given facts. Along with Legal Aptitude, Logical Reasoning is also an important section. Hence, go through CLAT Logical reasoning Preparation Tips to answer all questions easily.

Legal Aptitude Practice Questions for CLAT

The CLAT 2020 Legal Aptitude section will have a slightly different approach to putting up questions in front of the students. Till last year, candidates were presented with the statements and facts clearly, however, from this year onwards, candidates are expected to comprehend the passages, and draw facts and arguments on their own.

Sample Legal Aptitude Questions for CLAT 2020

The old woman didn’t like the look or sound of the kid. She scowled at her husband. ‘Where did you pick up this kitten from? Why do we need her?’ When the old man told her she was a goat kid, she picked her up and exclaimed in amazement: ‘Yes, she is a goat kid!’ All night, they went over the story of how the kid had come into their hands.

That same night the old lady gave the goat kid that resembled a kitten a nickname: Poonachi. She once had a cat by the same name. In memory of that beloved cat, this goat kid too was named Poonachi. They had acquired her without spending a penny. Now they had to look after her somehow. Her husband had told her a vague story about meeting a demon who looked like Bakasuran and receiving the kid from him as a gift. She wondered if he could have stolen it from a goatherd. Someone might come looking for it tomorrow. Maybe her husband had told her the story only to cover up his crime?

The old woman was not used to lighting lamps at night. The couple ate their evening meal and went to bed when it was still dusk. That night, though, she took a large earthern lamp and filled it with castor oil extracted the year before. There was no cotton for a wick. She tore off a strip from a discarded loincloth of her husband’s and fashioned it into a wick.

She looked at the kid under the lamplight in that shed as though she were seeing her own child after a long time. There was no bald spot or bruise anywhere on her body. The kid was all black. As she stared at the lamp, her wide open eyes were starkly visible. There was a trace of fatigue on her face. The old woman thought the kid looked haggard because she had not been fed properly. She must be just a couple of days old. A determination that she must somehow raise this kid to adulthood took root in her heart.

She called the old man to come and see the kid. She looked like a black lump glittering in the lamplight in that pitch-black night. He pulled fondly at her flapping ears and said, ‘Aren’t you lucky to come and live here?’

It had been a long time since there was such pleasant chit-chat between the couple. Because of the kid’s sudden entry into their lives, they ended up talking a while about the old days.

[Extracted, with edits and revisions, from Poonachi, or the Story of a Black Goat, by Perumal Murugan, translated by N. Kalyan Raman, Context, 2018.]

Question: Why did the old woman doubt her husband’s story about how he had got the kid?

(a) Because goat kids are only sold in livestock markets.

(b) Because she thought the story was vague, and that he had actually stolen it from a goatherd.

(c) Because she did not think Bakasuran was so generous as to gift him a goat kid.

(d) Because her husband was a habitual thief and regularly stole things from other people.

Answer: (b)

Rationale: The correct answer is (b) – because she thought the story was vague, and that he had actually stolen it from a goatherd. Both these points are set out in the third paragraph. There is no information in the passage that would support the claim in option (a); similarly, there is nothing in the passage to indicate that the old woman thought Bakasuran was not generous, neither is there any information in the passage to indicate that her husband was a habitual thief, and so, neither (a), (c), nor (d) are correct.

Question: Why did the old woman name the goat kid ‘Poonachi’?

(a) Because the kid made small bleating noises that sounded like ‘Poonachi’.

(b) Because the kid reminded the old woman of her husband, whose name was also Poonachi.

(c) Because the old woman had first thought the kid was a kitten, and so she named it after a beloved cat she had once had.

(d) Because ‘Poonachi’ was the name typically given to goat kids in the area the couple lived in.

Answer: (c)

Rationale: The correct answer is (c) – because the old woman had first thought the kid was a kitten, and so she named it after a beloved cat she had once had. This is apparent from the first three sentences of the third paragraph. There is no indication of any noises made by the kid in the passage, and so option (a) cannot be correct. Similarly, there is no indication of the old woman’s husband’s name in the passage, and so, option (b) cannot be correct either. Option (d) cannot be correct since there is no information in the passage about what name was typically given to kids in the area that the old couple lived in.

Question: What does the word ‘haggard’ as used in the passage mean?

(a) Dark in colour and hard to see.

(b) Looking exhausted and unwell.

(c) Direct and outspoken.

(d) Furry and warm.

Answer: (b)

Rationale: The correct answer is (b) – looking exhausted and unwell. This can be inferred from the information set out in the fifth paragraph, which indicates that there was a trace of fatigue on the kid’s face, and that the old woman thought the kid looked haggard because she had not been fed properly. Both these pieces of information, that is, that the kid looked fatigued, and had not been fed properly, would support the meaning of ‘haggard’ set out in option (b). While the passage also discusses how dark the kid is, this discussion is not related to the use of the word ‘haggard’ in any way, and so, option (a) cannot be correct. There is nothing in the passage to indicate that the kid made any sounds, and so option (c) cannot be correct. Neither is there any discussion in the passage about how furry the kid may have been, and so, option (d) cannot be correct.

Question: Why was the old woman not used to lighting lamps at night?

(a) Because the couple usually ate their evening meal and slept at dusk.

(b) Because her daughter used to light the lamps in their household.

(c) Because the couple was very poor, and could not afford oil for lamps.

(d) Because the old couple did not usually exchange pleasant chit-chat.

Answer: (a)

Rationale: The correct answer is (a) – because the old couple usually ate their evening meal and slept at dusk. This is apparent from the first two lines of the fourth paragraph. There is no mention of the couple’s daughter in the passage, and so, option (b) cannot be correct. Neither option (c) nor option (d) is related to the author’s explanation of why the old woman was not used to lighting lamps at night.

Question: What can we infer from the passage about why the old couple talked about the old days that night?

(a) The old couple did not usually like talking with each other, and avoided conversation.

(b) The old couple was very poor, and were so tired after working all day that they did not feel like talking.

(c) The old woman was usually very upset with her husband and thought he was a thief.

(d) They spoke about the old days because of the kid’s sudden entry in their lives, and the pleasant chit-chat they exchanged about it.

Answer: (d)

Rationale: The correct answer is (d) – they spoke about the old days because of the kid’s sudden entry in their lives, and the pleasant chit-chat they exchanged about it. This can be inferred from the last two paragraphs of the passage; the last line of the passage clearly indicates this. Nothing in the passage supports options (a) or (b) as the correct answer. While the third paragraph indicates that the old woman may have suspected her husband had stolen the kid, the author does not relate this to their talking about the old days that night.

Illustration Question Set

Mahmood Kaskar resided in the city of Mumbai and was long suspected of having committed several offences, including smuggling. Kaskar came across a police check-post on the road on 15 December 2019, and, afraid that the police would find the contraband that he had hidden in the trunk of his car, he drove through the check-post instead of stopping. In doing so, he smashed his car through the barricades at the check-post, and a piece from the barricades flew a few feet away and injured a policeman manning the check-post. Kaskar was later caught by the police, and charged with the offence of obstructing justice, which the police claimed he did by crashing through the check-post. Kaskar was acquitted of this charge, since the police were not able to produce adequate evidence before the court. Some months later, the police, bent on teaching Kaskar a lesson, filed charges of injuring a police officer on duty against Kaskar.

Question: When Kaskar was convicted, he filed an appeal claiming that the decision violated the protection against double jeopardy in Article 20. Will Kaskar succeed?

(a)No, since the second charge filed against Kaskar was in relation to a different offence than the first one.

(b)Yes, since he had already been prosecuted for crashing through the barricades and could not be prosecuted for the same actions again.

(c)Yes, since he had already been acquitted the first time charges were filed against him.

(d)No, since he was long suspected of having committed several offences.

Answer: (a)

Rationale: The correct answer is (a) – no, since the second charge filed against Kaskar was in relation to a different offence than the first one. The passage tells us that the protection against double jeopardy is against a person being ‘prosecuted and punished for the same offence more than once’. Since Kaskar was being prosecuted for a different offence the second time (that of injuring a police officer on duty) than the first time (that of obstructing justice), the protection against double jeopardy would not apply in this case. Since the second prosecution involved a different offence, options (b) and (c) cannot be the correct answer. Option (d) is irrelevant to the question, and so, cannot be the correct answer.

Question: Sometime after the two prosecutions mentioned in the previous question, the police manage to recover CCTV footage from the area near the place where the police check-post was and filed fresh charges of obstructing justice against Kaskar for crashing through the check-post. They claim that the CCTV footage would help them win the case this time. Kaskar claims that this fresh, third trial, violates his protection against double jeopardy in Article 20 of the Constitution. Will he succeed?

(a)Yes, since Kaskar is a citizen of India and is protected under Article 20 of the Constitution.

(b)No, since the police were able to bring fresh evidence before the court in this new trial.

(c)Yes, since he had already been prosecuted for the offence of obstructing justice and was acquitted.

(d)No, since he was prosecuted but not punished for the same offence in the first trial.

Answer: (d)

Rationale: The correct answer is (d) – no, since he was prosecuted but not punished for the same offence in the first trial. The protection under Article 20 is against a person being ‘prosecuted and punished for the same offence more than once’. Since Kaskar had been prosecuted, but not punished in the first trial, he would not have the advantage of this protection under Article 20. For the same reason, (c) cannot be the correct answer. While options (a) and (b) may be true, they do not address the issue of whether the protection under Article 20 applies in this third trial, and so, neither (a) nor (b) can be the correct answer.

Question 3: Concerned at the increasing number of instances of rash driving in Mumbai, the legislature passes a law on 12 January 2020, making rash driving a criminal offense punishable with three months’ imprisonment. The police, who are hell-bent on punishing Kaskar by now, file fresh charges and initiate a fourth case against Kaskar, claiming that his act of driving through the police check-post constituted rash driving. Kaskar now claims that this fourth trial violates the first clause of Article 20. Will the police succeed in this fourth trial?

(a)Yes, since Kaskar had injured a policeman when he drove through the check-post.

(b)No, since driving through a check-post does not constitute rash driving.

(c)No, since rash driving was not an offense at the time Kaskar drove through the police check-post.

(d)Yes, since Kaskar had been prosecuted for different offenses in the previous three trials.

Answer: (c)

Rationale: The correct answer is (c) – no, since rash driving was not an offense at the time Kaskar drove through the police check-post. The first clause of Article 20 provides that “a

person cannot be convicted for an offense which was not an offense at the time at which it was committed”. Since rash driving was not an offense on 15 December 2019 when Kaskar drove through the check-post, he cannot be punished for having committed that offence. While options (a) and (b) may or may not be true, they do not address the question of whether Kaskar’s

rights under the first clause of Article 20 had been violated, and so, neither (a) nor (b) can be the correct answer. Option (d) is irrelevant to the question – it addresses the issue of double jeopardy rather than the protection under the first clause of Article 20, and so, (d) cannot be the correct answer.

Question: While he was in custody, the police decided to investigate whether Kaskar was involved in the instances of smuggling that he was suspected of having committed. They asked him to produce a DNA sample that they could use to compare against the evidence they obtained from a boat suspected to have been used in such smuggling activities. Kaskar refused, claiming that forcing him to provide a DNA sample would violate his protection against self-incrimination under Article 20. Can the police force Kaskar to provide the DNA sample?

(a)Yes, since DNA samples amount to physical evidence, and not testimonial evidence.

(b)Yes, since smuggling is a serious offense, and Kaskar was already suspected of being involved in it.

(c)No, since producing DNA samples would amount to compelling Kaskar to be a witness against himself.

(d)No, since Kaskar had not been charged with smuggling at the time he was asked to produce the sample.

Answer: (a)

Rationale: The correct answer is (a) – yes since DNA samples amount to physical evidence, and not testimonial evidence. The decision in Kathu Kalu Oghad clarifies that the protection against self-incrimination under Article 20 extends to “the production of information based on personal knowledge” (testimonial evidence) but not ‘physical evidence’ like “a writing sample or a thumb impression”. For this reason, (c) cannot be the correct answer. Options (b) and (d) may be true, but they do not address the question, and so, neither can be the correct answer.

Question: Assuming that the Supreme Court was bound to follow the decision in Kathu Kalu Oghad while deciding Selvi, what decision should the Supreme Court have taken in Selvi as regards the forcible administration of narco-analysis on a person?

(a)It would be constitutional, since it is a new technology, and is different from other techniques of extracting evidence like fingerprints or thumb impressions.

(b)It would be unconstitutional since it would amount to forcibly extracting testimonial evidence.

(c)It would be constitutional, since it only has a physical effect, and so, would amount to extracting physical evidence.

(d)It would be unconstitutional since it puts a person in an abnormal state of mind where they cannot remember their rights under Article 20.

Answer: (b)

Rationale: The correct answer is (b) – it would be unconstitutional since it would amount to forcibly extracting testimonial evidence. As the passage tells us, the administration of sodium penthathol would lower a person’s inhibitions, and take them into a trance, inducing them to converse casually – as a result of which, they may provide information based on personal knowledge (testimonial evidence). While it may be new technology, and different from thumb impressions or handwriting samples, the forcible use of narco-analysis may result in the extraction of testimonial evidence, and so, (a) cannot be the correct answer. While it may have a physical effect, the end result of the forcible administration of narco-analysis would be the extraction of testimonial evidence, and so, (c) cannot be the correct answer. While (d) may be true, it does not address the issue of whether the forcible administration of narco-analysis violates the protection against self-incrimination under Article 20, and so, (d) cannot be the correct answer.

CLAT Preparation Strategies for Legal Aptitude

If candidates are wondering how to prepare for CLAT exam, especially the legal aptitude section, they must go through the CLAT preparation tips for legal aptitude section given below:

  • In the CLAT 2020 exam, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, and English Language sections are interrelated. Students will have to exercise comprehension skills and draw analysis to draw facts and arguments.
  • Candidates are advised to focus on the above-mentioned three subjects as a group so that the strategy to prepare for CLAT 2020 can be formed easily.
  • Attempting Legal Aptitude practice questions from previous year question papers will be actually helpful, irrespective of the changed pattern of the questions since the value obtained by them and skills acquired to analyze the questions will prove helpful at the time of the exam.
  • Most importantly, attempting model papers and sample papers will be the best source of preparations if taken from the CLAT Consortium world. Since the test environment will be as the original one and students will get an idea of their performance in the actual exam. Check out expert’s CLAT GK Preparation Tips to crack the general knowledge section with high marks.
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