For Judicial Services Examination, you need to prepare a wide range of subjects. One of the most common subjects in all states Judiciary Exams is the Criminal Procedure Code. 

To get a deep insight about the subject, this post shall explain what is CrPC, important highlights of CrPC, important sections under the bare act, and most commonly asked questions under CrPC subject.

You can read through the complete post and post your queries or suggestions in the comment box below. 

What is Criminal Procedure Code?

The Criminal Procedure Code is the main legislation on procedure for administration of substantive criminal law in India. It was enacted in 1973 and came into force on 1 April 1974.

CrPC is most commonly called monster provision or monster code due to many chapters. It includes 37 chapters and 484 sections, 2 schedules: one is the category of offence and the other one formats.

In the Judicial Services Examination, there are 15 questions asked from CrPC. The type of questions asked in the Criminal Procedure Code are based on

  • Purpose
  • Authority 
  • Provision or proviso
  • Index 
  • Time or term 
  • Abstract

Thus, you must ensure to study the important chapters. Also, you must be aware of live and dead sections. 

Important Sections of CrPC 

Here are few important sections from the Criminal Procedure Code. Ensure to focus on these more for scoring good marks in the examination. 

  • Section 195 – Prosecution for contempt of lawful authority of public servants, for offences against public justice and for offences relating to documents given in evidence.
  • Section 196 – Prosecution for offences against the State and for criminal conspiracy to commit such offence.
  • Section 198 – Prosecution for offences against marriage.
  • Section 199 – Prosecution for defamation.
  • Section 200 to Section 203 – CHAPTER XV, Complaints to Magistrates.
  • Section 204 – Issue of process.
  • Section 211 to Section 224 – CHAPTER XVII, The Charge.
  • Section 225 to Section 237 – CHAPTER XVIII, Trial Before a Court of Session.
  • Section 238 to Section 250 – CHAPTER XIX, Trial of Warrant Cases by Magistrates.
  • Section 251 to Section 259 – CHAPTER XX, Trial of Summons Cases by Magistrates.
  • Section 260 – Power to try summarily.
  • Section 261 – Summary trial by Magistrate of the second class.
  • Section 262 – Procedure for summary trials.
  • Section 265A to Section 265L – CHAPTER XXIA, Plea Bargaining.
  • Section 300 – Person once convicted or acquitted not to be tried for same offence.
  • Section 304 – Legal aid to accused at State expense in certain cases.
  • Section 307 – Power to direct tender of pardon.
  • Section 311 – Power to summon material witness, or examine person present.
  • Section 313 – Power to examine the accused.
  • Section 315 – Accused person to be competent witness.
  • Section 320 – Compounding of offences.
  • Section 366 – Sentence of death to be submitted by Court of Session for confirmation.
  • Section 368 – Power of High Court to confirm sentence or annul conviction.
  • Section 395 – Reference to High Court.
  • Section 401 – High Court’s powers of revision.
  • Section 436 – In what cases bail to be taken.
  • Section 436A – Maximum period for which an undertrial prisoner can be detained.
  • Section 437 – When bail may be taken in case of non-bailable offence.
  • Section 437A – Bail to require accused to appear before next appellate Court.
  • Section 438 – Direction for grant of bail to person apprehending arrest.
  • Section 439 – Special powers of High Court or Court of Session regarding bail.
  • Section 460 – Irregularities which do not vitiate proceedings.
  • Section 461 – Irregularities which vitiate proceedings.
  • Section 468 – Bar to taking cognizance after lapse of the period of limitation.
  • Section 482 – Saving of inherent power of High Court.

Important CrPC Questions Asked in Judiciary Exams

Here is the list of questions asked in the Judiciary Examinations of various states. Practice them to understand the difficulty level of questions. 

Define and distinguish between the following:

  1. Bailable and Non-bailable offences; [U.P.C.J. 1987, RJS 1975, 1979, HJS, 1999, DJS, 2007, UPJ 2015, 2016]
  2. Cognizable and Non-cognizable offences; [U.P.C.J. 1987, 2015, RJS 1979, DJS, 1973, 2007, HJS, 1999]
  3. Inquiry and Trial; [U.P.C.J. 1987]
  4. Inquiry and Investigation; [U.P.C.J. 1991]
  5. Acquittal and Discharge; [U.P.C.J. 1991, HR 2011 UPHJS 20012, DJS, 1989]
  6. Complaint and First Information Report [U.P.C.J. 1991]
  7. Compoundable and Non-compoundable Cases. [D.J.S. 1989]
  8. Summons Case and Warrant Case. [DJS, 1973, DJS, 1989 B& JJS, 1984]

Write Short Notes on

  1. Judicial proceedings [UPJS, 2012]
  2. Police Report [R.J.S. 1976]
  3. Public Prosecutor [R.J.S. 1984]

Q. Can a Sessions Judge make provision for the disposal of any urgent application by the Chief Judicial Magistrate of the district? Would the Magistrate, in such a case, be deemed to have his jurisdiction to deal with such an application? [WB C.J. 2000]

Q. What are the provisions relating to the Public Prosecutors and Assistant Public Prosecutors under the Criminal Procedure Code? Whether a police officer may be appointed as an assistant public prosecutor? [R.J.S. 1986]

Q. Does an appeal lie where a Magistrate of the 1st class passes only a sentence of fine not exceeding one hundred rupees? [MPHJS 2006, UPHJS 2009, WBJS 2000]

Q. Is it necessary for the High Court to assign reasons while summarily dismissing an appeal under Section 384, Cr. P.C.? Refer to the relevant case laws on the point.

Q. What do you mean by `Reference’? Under what circumstances and in which Court reference can be made? [MPHJS 2018]

Q. Mention the irregularities which do not vitiate proceedings. [DJS 1989, U.P.C.J. 2018]

Q. A Magistrate not empowered tries an offender summarily. State, with reasons, whether the trial is vitiated in this case or not? [WBJS 1997]

Q. Trial of an offence is held in the wrong district. State, with reasons, whether the trial is vitiated in this case or not? [WBJS. 1997]

Q. What do you mean by the object of “Period of limitation”. Discuss the bar to take cognizance after lapse of the period of limitation. When the period of limitation starts? [JK. J. S., 2011]

Q. What do you understand by inherent powers of the High Court? When can this power be exercised? [MPJ 2010, MPJ 2009]


What does the code of Criminal Procedure contain?

It was enacted in 1973 and came into force on 1 April 1974. It provides the machinery for the investigation of crime, apprehension of suspected criminals, collection of evidence, determination of guilt or innocence of the accused person and the determination of punishment of the guilty.

What is provision under criminal procedure code?

Any private person may arrest or cause to be arrested any person who in his presence commits a non- bailable and cognizable offence, or any proclaimed offender.

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