CLAT English Including Comprehension 2022

The new pattern of the CLAT exam is designed to test your critical thinking and analytical skills along with your reading ability. 

Like other sections, the English section also includes passage-based questions in the exam. Hence, it is very essential to prepare CLAT English including comprehension with a different approach.

Remember, you can not develop your reading skills overnight. Instead, you require consistent practice and focus. Our experts at LegalEdge have curated some simple tips and techniques to ease out your English preparation for the upcoming exam.

What is CLAT English Including Comprehension?

It is obvious that you might be wondering what does English including comprehension for CLAT means. In general, it means that the questions would be asked indirectly through a passage.

For instance, directly asking synonym of a word would be replaced by reading the passage and then understanding the passage, and then the meaning of a word would be asked.

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  • The comprehension-based passage requires constant reading and improving speed in reading.
  • You need to read passages related to politics, business, art, and history because the text in the comprehension is most probably asked from one of these categories.
  • Try to solve as many questions as possible from the previous year's CLAT question papers to improve your speed in the final exam.
  • Remember, practice is the only key to scoring good marks in the English section.

clat Scholarship test

clat Scholarship test

Tips to Solve CLAT English including Comprehension Questions

Reading comprehension is one of the best ways to access your capacity to understand, comprehend, summarize, and answer. 

As said above, the questions will not be asked directly in the exam. hence, you must develop good reading skills to answer these questions. Also, you must make a well-structured study plan for CLAT and refer to the right study material.

The following are some of the expert-curated tips that help enhance your preparation for CLAT English including comprehension.

Improve your Speed

Apart from reading skills, it is very essential to focus on your speed. As we all know, the CLAT paper will have lengthy and complex passages, so you should improve your reading speed while understanding the given passage.

  • Before answering the question, make sure to read the passage carefully.
  • keep a timer while practicing previous year's questions.
  • Make sure to note down the time you are taking for each comprehension passage and try to work on improving time management for CLAT

Focus on Vocabulary

In the English section, most of the questions are based on topics like synonyms, antonyms, Idioms, etc. Hence, you must be strong in your vocabulary to attempt this section. 

The following are a few CLAT English preparation tips to improve your vocabulary.

  • Learn at least 20 new English words daily. Note down the meaning of each word you find unfamiliar or difficult to remember. This is the best way to improve your vocabulary.
  • Make a habit of reading the newspaper at least for 45 minutes daily.
  • Make shortcuts, tricks to make the learning of words easy, and try to use them in your daily life.

clat mock test

clat Mock test

Practice Previous Year's Papers

  • Solving previous year's papers is one of the best methods to enhance your speed and accuracy in the final exam.
  • Also, it will help you analyze your preparation levels and overcome mistakes.
  • With the help of question papers, you can build your confidence levels too.

What is asked in CLAT English including Comprehension?

As per the CLAT Syllabus, the English section includes passages of 450 words each. The content of the passage is derived from contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing.

  • The standard of the passage will be of the Class 12 level.
  • Each passage shall include multiple-choice questions that must be answered after reading the passage.
  • Note that you have to answer the questions only by reading the passage, no prior knowledge of the content is required and all answers will be given in the passage only.

How to Approach CLAT English Questions?

Developing good reading skills is one of the best ways to answer the questions asked in CLAT English Including Comprehension.

Constant dedication and following preparation strategy shall lead to the best results. Read the daily newspapers to improve the English Language. This way you can come across new words and terminologies which can be of great help.

Attempt as many CLAT Mock Tests as possible to understand the type of questions asked and the difficulty level of the exam. 

The passage will have certain major points, arguments, or statements that support the main summary of the passage. Try to analyze and understand the passage in depth. Speed reading could sometimes lead to wrong answers, hence try to read properly and carefully. Also, read all the given options before deciding on any answer. 

Which Newspapers to Read for Improving English Vocabulary?

Most of you might be wondering how to read a newspaper for CLAT to improve your vocabulary and grammar. First of all, you should filter out the main topics out of the newspaper which is relevant for exams and have a national or international consideration. 

Reading the newspaper on a daily basis will help improve your vocabulary and grammar skills. The following are some of the newspapers that you can read to improve your vocabulary.

  • The Hindu
  • The Indian Express newspaper
  • The Telegraph
  • The Hindustan Times

Sample Questions for CLAT English Including Comprehension

To help get an idea about the type of comprehension-based English questions asked in the CLAT Entrance Exam, we have provided few sample questions for your reference here.

Read the CLAT English including Comprehension Passages below and try answering them:

Passage 1

The idea to use Navajo for secure communications came from Philip Johnston, the son of a missionary to the Navajos and one of the few non-Navajos who spoke their language fluently. Reared on the Navajo reservation, Johnston was a World War I veteran who knew of the military’s search for a code that would withstand all attempts to decipher it. He also knew that Native American languages, notably Choctaw, had been used in World War I to encode messages.

Johnston believed Navajo answered the military requirement for an undecipherable code because it is an unwritten language of extreme complexity. Its syntax and tonal qualities, not to mention dialects, make it unintelligible to anyone without extensive exposure and training. It has no alphabet or symbols and is spoken only on the Navajo lands of the American Southwest. One estimate indicates that fewer than 30 non-Navajos, none of them Japanese, could understand the language at the outbreak of World War II.

Early in 1942, Johnston met with Major General Clayton B. Vogel, the commanding general of Amphibious Corps, Pacific Fleet, and his staff to convince them of the Navajo language’s value as code. Johnston staged tests under simulated combat conditions, demonstrating that Navajos could encode, transmit and decode a three-line English message in 20 seconds. Machines of the time required 30 minutes to perform the same job. Convinced, Vogel recommended to the Commandant of the Marine Corps that the Marines recruit 200 Navajos.

Q1. The author most likely mentions the fact that Navajo “has no alphabet or symbols” in order to

  • a. emphasize how difficult it is to decipher Navajo language
  • b. suggest a potential drawback of the use of Navajo for secure communications
  • c. explain why so few non-Navajos can speak the language
  • d. highlight the differences between Navajo and other Native American languages

Q2. The passage is primarily concerned with

  • a. examining the complexity of a language
  • b. profiling someone’s search for a solution to a problem
  • c. analyzing the benefits and drawbacks of an approach
  • d. explaining why a certain strategy was adopted

clat english quiz

clat english quiz

Passage 2

To turn my eyes outwards now, and to say a little about the relationship between the Indian writer and the majority white culture in that midst he lives, and with which his work will sooner or later have to deal: Common to many Bombay-raised middle-class children of my generation, I grew up with an intimate knowledge of, and even sense of friendship with, a certain kind of England: a dream-England composed of Test Matches at Lord's presided over by the voice of John Arlott, at which FreddieTrueman bowled unceasingly and without success at Polly Umrigar; of Enid Blyton and Billy Bunter, in which we were even prepared to smile indulgently at portraits such as 'Hurree JamSet Ram Singh', 'the dusky nabob of Bhanipur'.

I wanted to come to England. I couldn't wait and to be fair England has done all right by me, but I find it a little difficult to be properly grateful. I can't escape the view that my relatively easy ride is not the result of the dream- England's famous sense of tolerance and fair play, but of my social class, my freak fair skin, and my 'English' English accent. Take away any of these, and the story would have been very different. Because of course, the dream-England is no more than a dream.

Sadly, it's a dream from which too many white Britons refuse to awake. Recently, on a live radio programme, a professional humorist asked me, in all seriousness, why I objected to being called a wog. He said he had always thought it a rather charming word, a term of endearment. 'I was at the zoo the other day, 'he revealed, 'and a zookeeper told me that the wogs were best with the animals; they stuck their fingers in their ears and wiggled them about and the animals felt at home.'

The ghost of Hurree Jamset Ram Singh walks among us still. As Richard Wright found long ago in America, black and white descriptions of society are no longer compatible. Fantasy, or the mingling of fantasy and naturalism, is one way of dealing with these problems. It offers a way of echoing in the form of our work the issues faced by all of us: how to build a new, 'modern' world out of an old, legend-haunted civilization, an old culture which we have brought into the heart of newer one.

But whatever technical solutions we may find, Indian writers in these islands, like others who have migrated into the north from the south, are capable of writing from a kind of double perspective: because they, we, are at one and the same time insiders and outsiders in this society. This stereoscopic vision is perhaps what we can offer in place of 'whole sight'.

Q1. The author's experience in England is not the normative experience of an ordinary Indian because

  • (a) Like the author the ordinary Indian has not nurtured a "dream England" or aspirations of reaching the dreamland.
  • (b) Like the author the ordinary Indian has acquired airs and nuances that are essentially English but are betrayed by his/her complexion.
  • (c) Unlike, the author the ordinary Indian has a radical sense of nationhood, citizenship and identity
  • (d) Unlike the author the ordinary Indian has not imbibed and cannot simulate signs of English culture.

Q2. The professional humorist whom the author met regards the term "wog" a charming word and a term for endearment. Which of the following statements is true in the light of the comment of the zookeeper which informs the connotation given by the humorist?

  • (a) The humorist thinks that "wog" is a harmless term and its meaning becomes more positive in the light of the zookeeper's comment.
  • (b) The zookeeper's comment subverts the harmless connotation off the term wog.
  • (c) The humorist thinks that "wog" is a harmless term and its meaning remains that same even after considering the zookeeper's comment.
  • (d) The zookeper's comment does not have any implication on the meaning attributed by the humorist.

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Q3. What struggles are identified in the struggles to make a new country our own?

  • (a) A gender struggle
  • (b) A class struggle
  • (c) A struggle between cultures
  • (d) A struggle to migrate

Q4. Which of the following statements about Indian writers is supported by the information provided in the passage?

  • (a) It's easier for an Indian writer to write in England
  • (b) The writers who migrated from India are able to write with double perspectives
  • (c) Indian writers are the insiders to India and outsiders to England
  • (d) Option (b) and (c)

Q5. What does the passage refer to while mentioning "Richard Wright in black and white descriptions of society are no longer compatible"

  • (a) Differences in the good and evil sides of the society
  • (b) Incompatibility between the old and new society
  • (c) Clashes between the opinions of the black and the white populations
  • (d) None of these

Passage 3

The painter Roy Lichtenstein helped to define pop art—the movement that incorporated commonplace objects and commercial-art techniques into paintings—by paraphrasing the style of comic books in his work. His merger of a popular genre with the forms and intentions of fine art generated a complex result: while poking fun at the pretensions of the art world, Lichtenstein’s work also managed to convey a seriousness of theme that enabled it to transcend mere parody.

That Lichtenstein’s images were fine art was at first difficult to see, because, with their word balloons and highly stylized figures, they looked like nothing more than the comic book panels from which they were copied. Standard art history holds that pop art emerged as an impersonal alternative to the histrionics of abstract expressionism, a movement in which painters conveyed their private attitudes and emotions using nonrepresentational techniques. The truth is that by the time pop art first appeared in the early 1960s, abstract expressionism had already lost much of its force. Pop art painters weren’t quarreling with the powerful early abstract expressionist work of the late 1940s but with the second generation of abstract expressionists whose work seemed airy, high-minded, and overly lyrical. Pop art paintings were full of simple black lines and large areas of primary color. Lichtenstein’s work was part of a general rebellion against the fading emotional power of abstract expressionism, rather than an aloof attempt to ignore it.

But if rebellion against previous art by means of the careful imitation of a popular genre were all that characterized Lichtenstein’s work, it would possess only the reflective power that parodies have in relation to their subjects. Beneath its cartoonish methods, his work displayed an impulse toward realism, an urge to say that what was missing from the contemporary painting was the depiction of contemporary life. The stilted romances and war stories portrayed in the comic books on which he based his canvases, the stylized automobiles, hot dogs, and table lamps that appeared in his pictures, were reflections of the culture Lichtenstein inhabited. But, in contrast to some pop art, Lichtenstein’s work exuded not a jaded cynicism about consumer culture, but a kind of deliberate naiveté intended as a response to the excess of sophistication he observed not only in the later abstract expressionists but in some other pop artists. With the comics—typically the domain of youth and innocence—as his reference point, a nostalgia fills his paintings that gives them, for all their surface bravado, an inner sweetness. His persistent use of comic-art conventions demonstrates faith in reconciliation, not only between cartoons and fine art but between parody and true feeling.

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Q1. Which one of the following best captures the author’s attitude toward Lichtenstein’s work?

  1. enthusiasm for its more rebellious aspects
  2. respect for its successful parody of youth and innocence
  3. pleasure in its blatant rejection of abstract expressionism
  4. admiration for its subtle critique of contemporary culture
  5. appreciation for its ability to incorporate both realism and naiveté

Q2. The author most likely lists some of the themes and objects influencing and appearing in Lichtenstein’s paintings (middle of the last paragraph) primarily to

  1. show that the paintings depict aspects of contemporary life
  2. support the claim that Lichtenstein’s work was parodic in intent
  3. contrast Lichtenstein’s approach to art with that of abstract expressionism
  4. suggest the emotions that lie at the heart of Lichtenstein’s work
  5. endorse Lichtenstein’s attitude toward consumer culture

Q3. The primary purpose of the passage is most likely to

  1. express curiosity about an artist’s work
  2. clarify the motivation behind an artist’s work
  3. contrast two opposing theories about an artist’s work
  4. describe the evolution of an artist’s work
  5. refute a previous overestimation of an artist’s work

Passage 4

The struggle to obtain legal recognition of aboriginal rights is a difficult one, and even if a right is written into the law there is no guarantee that the future will not bring changes to the law that undermines the right. For this reason, the federal government of Canada in 1982 extended constitutional protection to those aboriginal rights already recognized under the law. This protection was extended to the Indian, Inuit, and Métis peoples, the three groups generally thought to comprise the aboriginal population in Canada. But this decision has placed on provincial courts the enormous burden of interpreting and translating the necessarily general constitutional language into specific rulings. The result has been inconsistent recognition and establishment of aboriginal rights, despite the continued efforts of aboriginal peoples to raise issues concerning their rights.

Aboriginal rights in Canada are defined by the constitution as aboriginal peoples’ rights to ownership of land and its resources, the inherent right of aboriginal societies to self-government, and the right to legal recognition of indigenous customs. But difficulties arise in applying these broadly conceived rights. For example, while it might appear straightforward to affirm legal recognition of indigenous customs, the exact legal meaning of “indigenous” is extremely difficult to interpret. The intent of the constitutional protection is to recognize only long-standing traditional customs, not those of recent origin; provincial courts therefore require aboriginal peoples to provide legal documentation that any customs they seek to protect were practiced sufficiently long ago—a criterion defined in practice to mean prior to the establishment of British sovereignty over the specific territory. However, this requirement makes it difficult for aboriginal societies, which often relied on oral tradition rather than written records, to support their claims.

Furthermore, even if aboriginal peoples are successful in convincing the courts that specific rights should be recognized, it is frequently difficult to determine exactly what these rights amount to. Consider aboriginal land claims. Even when aboriginal ownership of specific lands is fully established, there remains the problem of interpreting the meaning of that “ownership.” In a 1984 case in Ontario, an aboriginal group claimed that its property rights should be interpreted as full ownership in the contemporary sense of private property, which allows for the sale of the land or its resources. But the provincial court instead ruled that the law had previously recognized only the aboriginal right to use the land and therefore granted property rights so minimal as to allow only the bare survival of the community. Here, the provincial court’s ruling was excessively conservative in its assessment of the current law. Regrettably, it appears that this group will not be successful unless it is able to move its case from the provincial courts into the Supreme Court of Canada, which will be, one hopes, more insistent upon a satisfactory application of the constitutional reforms.

Q1. Which one of the following most accurately states the main point of the passage?

  1. The overly conservative rulings of Canada’s provincial courts have been a barrier to constitutional reforms intended to protect aboriginal rights.
  2. The overwhelming burden placed on provincial courts of interpreting constitutional language in Canada has halted efforts by aboriginal peoples to gain full ownership of land.
  3. Constitutional language aimed at protecting aboriginal rights in Canada has so far left the protection of these rights uncertain due to the difficult task of interpreting this language.
  4. Constitutional reforms meant to protect aboriginal rights in Canada have in fact been used by some provincial courts to limit these rights.
  5. Efforts by aboriginal rights advocates to uphold constitutional reforms in Canada may be more successful if heard by the Supreme Court rather than by the provincial courts.

Q2. The passage provides evidence to suggest that the author would be most likely to assent to which one of the following proposals?

  1. Aboriginal peoples in Canada should not be answerable to the federal laws of Canada.
  2. Oral tradition should sometimes be considered legal documentation of certain indigenous customs.
  3. Aboriginal communities should be granted full protection of all of their customs.
  4. Provincial courts should be given no authority to decide cases involving questions of aboriginal rights.
  5. The language of the Canadian constitution should more carefully delineate the instances to which reforms apply.


How to crack CLAT English including comprehension section?

The main trick to crack English section is to be good at reading. Hence, it is advised to improve your reading skill and understand the passage in one go. 

What are the strategies we can follow to score high in the CLAT reading comprehension?

The strategies we can follow to score high in the CLAT English Section are as follows-

  • Study groups or discussing the passage with more people will help you to gain more knowledge. You will understand the different viewpoints, meanings, and new questions that might arise. Debating about the arguments presented will greatly help you in your preparation.
  • It is essential to practice grammar form some well-approved and acclaimed grammar books. This will help you to sharpen your grammar skills.
  • Even though it is not possible to extend your vocabulary too much before the exam, but you can still try. Make sure to know the meaning of every new word that you come across. Doing so will greatly aid you in enhancing your skills.
  • Sample papers and practice materials offered by the CLAT consortium must be solved and practiced religiously. This will help you to understand the question pattern and also enhance your existing knowledge.

What are the topics to prepare for the CLAT English Section?

The important topics in the CLAT English Section are as follows-comprehension, the transformation of sentences, subject-verb agreement, synonyms, antonyms, one-word substitution, spotting of common errors, and idioms.

What should be read in Newspaper for RC passages in CLAT?

You should mainly focus on reading the editorials for enhancing your reading skills and improving vocabulary. Also ensure to read through the entire newspaper for latest current affairs and events. 

How can I improve my accuracy while solving reading comprehension for CLAT?

You can easily improve your speed and accuracy in the CLAT Exam by solving as many sample papers as possible. Practicing mock tests would definitely improve your time management skills and problem-solving techniques. So, it is advisable to solve mock tests on a daily basis.